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ENGL 101/111 Research Guide: Cite Your Sources

Why cite your sources?

  • Give credit to the ideas, words, and works of others
  • Allow readers to find your sources
  • Avoid plagiarism (from the Department of English)

Use this guide to help you formulate your citations and work cited page.

Citation Books Available in the Library

Citation Style Guides


Purdue University Online Writing Lab (OWL)
APA and MLA formatting and style guides including sample title pages, paper formatting and appendices for each style.

Valencia College MLA Style Guide

Valencia College provides easy-to-interpret visual guides to citations of various information types.

Knight Cite

Plug the information from your resource into the interactive web form and click to generate standard MLA and APA citations. Be sure to use the left navigation bar; developed by Calvin College.

UW-Madison's Writing Center Style Sheets
Rules and examples are included here for five different citation styles: APA, APSA, Chicago/Turabian, CBE, and MLA.

Oxford Style
Concise guide to this British style used in Humanities and Fine Arts.

Purdue OWL Citation Style Chart

This downloadable chart compares 3 popular citation styles (MLA, APA and Chicago).

What is a citation style?

A citation style is a standard approach for documenting sources that you quote, consult, or summarize in your research papers. Proper use of citation styles helps you construct effective papers, share knowledge efficiently with others, and avoid plagiarism.

For most styles, you cite your sources in two places:

  1. Within your paper - Immediately after using a source, include a parenthetical citation, footnote or endnote.

  2. At the end of your paper - Assemble a complete list of your sources. This is known as a "Bibliography," "Reference List" or "Works Cited" section.

Different academic disciplines use different citation styles; your instructor may require you to use a particular style, or may allow you use one of your choosing. However, for English 101 you should use MLA style.

Below are online tools to help you get started with the citation styles most commonly used at Frostburg State University.

MLA Citations

How to tell if you are plagiarizing

MLA Formatting Sample

The Purdue OWL (Online Writing Lab) provides this example of a research paper in MLA format.

MLA Citation Cheat Sheet

This handout provides information about the most common types of resources that you will cite in MLA: books, articles, and web resources.

Annotated Bibliographies (Purdue OWL)