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Citation Styles Workshop: Start Here

APA, Chicago & MLA

Compare the three citation styles with Purdue OWL (Online Writing Lab) Citation Style Chart.

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What is a citation style?

A citation style is a standard approach for documenting sources that you quote, consult, or summarize in your research papers. Proper use of citation styles helps you construct effective papers, share knowledge efficiently with others, and avoid plagiarism.

For most styles, you cite your sources in two places:

  1. Within your paper - Immediately after using a source, include a parenthetical citation, footnote or endnote.

  2. At the end of your paper - Assemble a complete list of your sources. This is known as a "Bibliography," "Reference List" or "Works Cited" section.

Different academic disciplines use different citation styles; your instructor may require you to use a particular style, or may allow you use one of your choosing.

This guide has been developed to help you get started with the citation styles most commonly used at Frostburg State University.

Print Style Manuals on Floor 2 - Left of Reference Desk

Subject Guide

Theresa Mastrodonato's picture
Theresa Mastrodonato
Contact:
Coordinator of Library Instruction for First Year Students/Reference Librarian
Lewis J. Ort Library - Room 318
Frostburg State University
1 Susan Eisel Drive
Frostburg, MD 21532
301-687-4425