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ORIE: Introduction to the Library: Citation Styles

A guide to the services and resources offered by Ort Library, specifically for first-year students.

Why cite your sources?

  • Give credit to the ideas, words, and works of others
  • Allow readers to find your sources
  • Avoid plagiarism

Use this guide to help you formulate your citations and work cited page.

Citation Style Guides


Zotero is a free Firefox plugin that easily saves citations from CatalogUSMAI and most library databases, as well as sites like Amazon and the New York Times online.

Zotero has a Word plugin that automatically creates bibliographies in the style of your choice.

Only works with Mozilla Firefox Internet browser. 

What is a citation style?

A citation style is a standard approach for documenting sources that you quote, consult, or summarize in your research papers. Proper use of citation styles helps you construct effective papers, share knowledge efficiently with others, and avoid plagiarism.

  • For most styles, you cite your sources in two places:
    • Within your paper - Immediately after using a source, include a parenthetical citation, footnote or endnote.
    • At the end of your paper - Assemble a complete list of your sources. This is known as a "Bibliography," "Reference List" or "Works Cited" section.

Different academic disciplines use different citation styles; your instructor may require you to use a particular style, or may allow you use one of your choosing. Below are online tools to help you get started with the citation styles most commonly used at Frostburg State University.

Prefer Print?

These are available in print in the Ort Library on the 3rd floor of the library in the Ready Reference Area.