George A. Meyers (1912-1999) was a native of Lonaconing, MD, a small mining town in Allegany County. In the 1930s, he worked at the Celanese Corporation of America textile plant near Cumberland, MD and was instrumental in organizing the Textile Workers' Union of America local in 1935. In the late 30s he became increasingly active in the Congress of Industrial Organizations (CIO). He was elected chapter president in 1941.
Following three years service during WWII in the Army Air Corps, Meyers returned to MD and became the Labor Secretary of the Communist Party of MD. As a result of his Communist affiliation and outspoken opposition to the Korean War, he was convicted under the provisions of the Smith Act in 1952 and spent 3 1/2 years in a federal prison. In 1965 he was elected Labor Secretary of the CPUSA, a position he held until his death in 1999.
The Collection includes nearly 15,000 books on Marxism, Leninism, Communism, Socialism, the Soviet Union, labor, unions, women's rights, and US civil rights. Manuscript materials, journals, photos, audio and video cassettes, posters and memorabilia were also donated. See Scope & Content.
Date Coverage: 1907-1999
Size: 20 linear feet processed; 4 unprocessed
Scope: The collection is divided into 23 series, all of which are fully processed unless noted. Click here for series descriptions.
Provenance: The materials were transferred directly to the Ort Library from M. Meyer home in Baltimore, MD and his CPUSA office in New York City.