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Resources for Distance Students: Citation Styles

This guide provides information about the resources and services that the Lewis J. Ort Library provides for those students who attend classes at a distance.

Why cite your sources?

  • Give credit to the ideas, words, and works of others
  • Allow readers to find your sources
  • Avoid plagiarism

Use this guide to help you formulate your citations and work cited page.

Prefer Print?

Below are covers and information on the most common of the Citation Styles used when writing research papers.

These are available in print in the Ort Library, if you are near the library and can visit in person.

If you live near another academic library, they most likely will have a copy in print. You can also check to see if your local public library has a copy available in print.

However, if you will be writing a lot of research papers/thesis/dissertation, you may want to purchase a print copy to have handy.

What is a citation style?

A citation style is a standard approach for documenting sources that you quote, consult, or summarize in your research papers. Proper use of citation styles helps you construct effective papers, share knowledge efficiently with others, and avoid plagiarism.

For most styles, you cite your sources in two places:

1) Within your paper - Immediately after using a source, include a parenthetical citation, footnote or endnote.

2) At the end of your paper - Assemble a complete list of your sources. This is known as a "Bibliography," "Reference List" or "Works Cited" section.

Different academic disciplines use different citation styles; your instructor may require you to use a particular style, or may allow you use one of your choosing. Below are online tools to help you get started with the citation styles most commonly used at Frostburg State University.

Citation Style Guides

Knight Cite
Plug the information from your resource into the interactive web form and click to generate standard MLA and APA citations. Be sure to use the left navigation bar; developed by Calvin College.

Purdue University Online Writing Lab (OWL)
APA and MLA formatting and style guides including sample title pages, paper formatting and appendices for each style.

UW-Madison's Writing Center Style Sheets
Rules and examples are included here for five different citation styles: APA, APSA, Chicago/Turabian, CBE, and MLA.

Valencia College's APA, MLA, and Chicago Guides

APA, MLA, and Chicago Style guides with visual representations of each part of a citation format.


Zotero is a free Firefox plugin that easily saves citations from CatalogUSMAI and most library databases, as well as sites like Amazon and the New York Times online.

Zotero has a Word plugin that automatically creates bibliographies in the style of your choice.

Only works with Mozilla Firefox Internet browser.